How to learn Simple Complex Compound in best easy method
First you have to know difference between simple, Complex and Compound.
What is sentence Clause StructureA simple sentence consists of only one clause. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause. A set of words with no independent clause may be an incomplete sentence, also called a sentence fragment.
A sentence consisting of at least one dependent clauses and at least two independent clauses may be called a complex-compound sentence or compound-complex sentence.
Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. Sentence 2 is compound because “so” is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex. Sentence 4 is compound-complex (also known as complex-compound). Example 5 is a sentence fragment.
- I like pumpkin pie.
- I don’t know how to bake, so I buy my bread.
- I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me.
- The dog lived in the garden, but the cat, who was smarter, lived inside the house.
- What an idiot.
Simple SentencesA simple sentence has the most basic elements that make it a sentence: a subject, a verb, and a completed thought.
Examples of simple sentences include the following:
- Joe waited for the train. “Joe” = subject, “waited” = verb
- The train was late. “The train” = subject, “was” = verb
- Mary and Samantha took the bus. “Mary and Samantha” = compound subject, “took” = verb
- I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station. “I” = subject, “looked” = verb
- Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station early but waited until noon for the bus. “Mary and Samantha” = compound subject, “arrived” and “waited” = compound verb
A simple sentence can also be referred to as an independent clause. It is referred to as “independent” because, while it might be part of a compound or complex sentence, it can also stand by itself as a complete sentence.
Compound SentencesA compound sentence refers to a sentence made up of two independent clauses (or complete sentences) connected to one another with a coordinating conjunction. Coordinating conjunctions are easy to remember if you think of the words “FAN BOYS”:
- Joe waited for the train, but the train was late.
- I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station, but they arrived at the station before noon and left on the bus before I arrived.
- Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, and they left on the bus before I arrived.
- Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived, so I did not see them at the bus station.
Clearer and more specific relationships can be established through the use of complex sentences.
Complex SentencesA complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses connected to it. A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, or complete sentence, but it lacks one of the elements that would make it a complete sentence. Examples of dependent clauses include the following:
- Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon
- While he waited at the train station
- After they left on the bus
Dependent clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions. Below are some of the most common subordinating conjunctions:
- even though
The dependent clauses can go first in the sentence, followed by the independent clause, as in the following:
Tip: When the dependent clause comes first, a comma should be used to separate the two clauses.
- Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.
- While he waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late.
- After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station.
Tip: When the independent clause comes first, a comma should not be used to separate the two clauses.
- I did not see them at the station because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon.
- Joe realized that the train was late while he waited at the train station.
- Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station after they left on the bus.